Nothing to be wasted with Lotus

Lotus is a popular natural flower which I grew up to see it everywhere – markets, flower stores, along streets, temples, and farms or ponds. Since migrated to Australia, I really miss the liveable and busy street foods and shops, especially my mum’s cooking, with every part of lotus. Finding a place to resume my childhood and good memories I was growing up back at home is so relaxing and mesmerising. So far I have found two of places in Melbourne where I can easily reach – Melbourne Royal Botanical Garden and Blue Lotus Water Garden – gardens filled with lotus and water-lilies. Lotus is traditionally and scientifically proven to be useful for our everyday needs with its multi-functional benefits.

Lotus and its multi-benefits. Source: Samatoa Lotus Textiles

Beauty and strength representation: There is a popular Asian saying ‘a pond without lotus is like a home without women’. Lotus symbolises women and beauty. Impressively, there are more than 3000 Apsara dancersbeautiful female creatures that visit Earth from heaven to entertain both gods and kings with their enchanting dance – with and without lotus embellished with the stone walls of temples in Angkor era in Cambodia. These are the traditional Hindu representations of feminine beauty, elegance and refinement. Other cultures see the strong stem of the Lotus which supports the flower from underneath the water, as the strength of their family with an unbreakable bond.

Apsara with Lotus at Banteay Srei. Source: 123RF
Apsara Dance in Lotus Shape. Source: Dribbble

Religions: Literally, lotus grows from muddy conditions in water but it rises to the top of water with strength and flexibility to form beautifully standout flower with sweet aroma. In Buddhism, it reflects a person’s determination and the cleansing process (after experiencing suffering) on how actual lotus grows. Noticeably, it also depicts detachments by reminding people to let go of desires as it is believed in the way water slides off lotus petals.

A similar pattern continues with Hinduism, the religion believing that the Lotus Flower represents the removal of unwanted energy, desires, material things and other undesirables.

Buddha sitting on lotus flower

Cosmetics: Lotus is found to be rich in anti-oxidants, anti-aging benefits and lightening the pigment. It is not only such a great ingredient for dry and flaky skin, but it also helps balance the oil production for acne-prone skin. The latest product of Skinstitut that I like the most is Lotus Tencel of face masks that are available for all four skin concerns – hydrating, brightening, calming and anti-ageing. Lotus Tencel in Skinstitut is a functional cellulose fibre modified by plant protein, which consists of active substances of lotus leaf and seeds extracts and cellulose. Those mask are made from lotus fibre which is bio-degradable and environment-friendly. One more thing is it’s good to use on hair too as it prevents hair greying and conditions the hair to keep it shiny and frizz control.

Skinstitut face masks to fix four concerns

Fabrics: People now modernise lotus fibre into luxury fashion, and of course – during Covid period, it’s also designed as reusable face masks. Through a detailed process, the fibre from green and muddy stem are converted into white gold – shimmering threads of lotus fibre that is fast becoming coveted luxury and sustainable fabrics. There is one organisation that supports and empowers women through this handmade lotus-fibre fabrics production called Samotoa.

The lotus fibre extraction process. Source: Samatoa

Food: Lotus is my favourite food at all times. I love it in every style of cooking – fried, stir-fried, salad, soup and even dessert. The seeds of lotus looks like the fruit of oak tree but taste so good – just my nutty snack (but not good for those with constipation), and they are fresh, boiled, and roasted – seasoned with different flavours. Of course, the roasted ones are not good for your teeth either – they are just too hard. Lotus grows wild in Cambodia and is also cultivated. We consume everything of lotus – nothing to be wasted ranging from the top flowers down to the stems and roots.

Khmer Lotus Root Salad
Another type of Khmer Lotus Root salad
Fresh lotus seeds

Decoration: Just like other flowers, it’s also used for decorations. You can adorn with closed or open lotus flowers, but it best suits with folding styles, or dry styles for long-term use.

Herbal Medicine: Cambodian people also use it as traditional medicines. According to Healthline, Lotus are used for:

  • Halt diarrhoea: soak lotus seeds in a warm water for a few hours and add rock sugar to your taste. Those who have constipation should avoid this.
  • Lower blood sugar and cholesterol: Lotus roots with fibre and carbohydrates to manage the blood sugar and cholesterol and maintain slow steady digestive process.
  • Relieve inflammatory: Lotus plumule containing polysaccharides have significant anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
  • Minimise breakouts: add lotus to green tea and applying it to the face can significantly reduce the amount of sebum produced in glands.
  • Ease period pain: drink lotus roots or lotus soup (either leaves or roots) help regulate the menstrual cycle, stop excess bleeding and avoid anemia.
  • Soothe your cough: mix lotus seed powder with honey.
  • Lotus is a symbol of healing so lotus seed embryo is expected to be potentially able to kill and hinder the spread of lung cancer cells.

Differences between lotus and water-lily: Some people get confused over these two as they are very much a like. They both live in water and have the same benefits, but they are from different family flower. It can easily be distinguished between the two – the leaves and flowers of lotus are emergent, meaning that they rise above the water level while those of water-lily are floating.

Pink lotus and blue water-lilies

Color of Lotus: Based on Buddhist symbols, there are 6 colors, which are pink, blue, red, purple, white and gold. Large pink lotus and large white lotus are common in Cambodia.

  • Red represents the emotional attachments to the heart – its purity, original nature, compassion, passion, love and other qualities.
  • White symbolises spiritual perfection and complete mental purity.
  • Pink represents the Buddha – history and legend of himself, and is the supreme lotus.
  • Blue means wisdom, knowledge and intelligence.
  • Purple means spirituality and mysticism.
  • Gold symbolises a complete and total enlightenment.
Different colours and varieties of lotus

LIKE WATER OFF LOTUS LEAF- same meaning to old western saying ‘like water off duck’s back’ – emphasized that it’s not having effects on the person criticised.

Khmer old saying
Like water off lotus leaf

What to do with lotus leaf? Before having plastic bag and with now plastic ban, Khmer people use it as an organic package bag for food and to wrap food for cooking. When I was young, it was commonly used to pack the freshly cooked Khmer noodles – Nom Banh Chok (នំបញ្ចុក).

Food wrapped in lotus leaf

Khmer popular skin coining, cupping, and pinching can expel wind illness

Kjal is spelled the way how Cambodian people say it, while other sources may spell it in following the actual word as Kha-yal or Khyal meaning wind. Skin coining (Kos Kjal), cupping (Choob Kjal) and pinching (Chab Kjal) are all related to wind illness. The functions and purposes of these treatments are pretty much the same, but they are performed differently. Impressively, a study shows there are four types of Kjal: mild to moderate (normal Kjal), moderate to severe (blocked Kjal), severe (ripe Kjal), and life-threatening (mute Kjal).

Skin coining is (also known as Gua Sha) a healing traditional technique from ancient China but remain widely practical in China and Southeast Asia countries such as Indonesia (referred to Kerikan), Cambodia (referred to Kos Kjal – កោសខ្យល់) and Vietnam (referred to Cao Gio). It involves having hard objects – such as coin – as tool to massage and scraping skin in short or long stroke in order to stimulate microcirculation of soft tissue, increases blood flow, detoxify the body, relax muscle tensions, let the brain release endorphin – a chemical that has pain-relieving effect, and it’s also believed to get rid of body’s ‘heatiness and negative energies’ called Chi, which reduces inflammation and promotes healing. It’s commonly performed on a person’s back, buttocks, neck, arms and legs. You need massage oil, skin lotion or water applying over body to ensure smooth scraping on skin, but in Khmer way, we prefer using Tiger Balm or any sort of Chinese liniment oils. Nowadays it has a facial version that requires mild pressures and gradually increase the particular intensity which one can tolerate it. Skin coining is just the culture of Khmer people, but officially the Ministry of Health doesn’t recognize it as a treatment at all because it has side effects. I personally admit that I’ve still had it done till now, but not really often as before (as I am also ticklish).

Skin Cupping is also known as Choob Kjal which serves the same functions as coining does, but with cups in glass or silicone, which are now available in back alleys, traditional medicine clinics and resort spas and wellness centre. According to Asia Life Magazine, though it may be performed to promote common relaxation treatment, it is also now used to release stress, aches and pains, allergies, fatigue, flu, colds, anxiety, skin conditions and fever. In Cambodia, you can find a really good professional wellness centre called ‘Samanta Health and Wellness Studio’ which offers clients their standard cupping services in 4 forms: dry cupping, wet cupping, fire cupping and moving cupping. The good thing about it is it’s less painful than skin coining. My dad loved it! I notice that it’s more likely men than women to have these done so I suppose it may be because men can’t tolerate the pain and tickle of the skin coining. Another interesting thing is skin cupping has been a part of Khmer national tradition medicine.

Skin pinching (Chab Kjal) doesn’t require any tool at all. All what you need is your first and second fingers to pull upward hard on the skin which in turn caused bruises. It was often performed on the skin of the neck, back, chest and between the eyebrows, but Khmer people like to do it in between the eyebrows. Its effect is to heal headaches and dizziness. It’s also a ‘No, thank you’ for me.

Is it safe doing all those treatments? It’s a complicated answer as a study said Yes while others said No. Yes, if you do it right, but it’s a No if you don’t know the contraindications. It’s a bit hard as Khmer practitioners are not up to date with science. Thus, it’d be great to look for professional practitioner with license (more likely skin cupping practitioner) to have it done safely. The practitioner needs to sterilise the tools, just in case they break the skin. If not well-sterilised, the tool used on broken skin will lead to have skin infection.

It’s a cheapest way to heal fever, cold, headache or stomach pain, isn’t it? Though it’s proven to be helpful in relief for some symptoms but you shouldn’t only just rely on these and make an assumption because you don’t know what the underlying causes are. You’d better be off to see real doctors!

What are its benefits? It helps to relieve some symptoms like:

  • Hepatitis B: it may reduce chronic liver inflammation.
  • Migraine headaches: effective remedy for headaches.
  • Breast engorgement (a condition when breast overfill with milk): the study say it’s easy for women to breastfeed babies.
  • Neck pain: it works better than thermal heating pads.
  • Tourette syndrome: involuntary movements such as facial tics, throat clearing, and vocal outbursts. With Gua Sha,
  • Perimenopausal syndrome: the symptoms for this condition includes: insomnia, irregular period, anxiety, fatigue and hot flashes.

Does it have any side effects? Yes, it does.

  • Painful: It’s not supposed to be painful, but to Khmer people, if you don’t get that red or purple color, you’re gonna take all of the ‘bad wind’ or ‘negative energies’, and to have that, it requires lots of pressure. I’d say it’s a nice pain (discomfort) where one can handle.
  • Bruising: The same as what I mentions above about getting red or purple marks, these bruising will last for about 2-3 days up to a week.
  • Bleeding: It can happen due to the incorrect position of the tool on body, using too much pressure, or even on the skinny body or areas with more bones.
  • Indentation: swelling of the skin appears on the lines where the bruises are.
  • Keloid scars: It’s more likely to occur on sensitive skin or those with baby skin.

Is it good for skin? All of these treatments will leave you bruises, so I would personally say ‘No, it’s not good for skin’. However, I find facial skin coining is good as it simply works as gentle lymphatic massage, which won’t leave you any much bruises like body. It’s always best to find standard salon to have tools sterilise, otherwise, you will get skin infection. Skin pinching is a ‘No-No’ treatment as it doesn’t seem support skin in anyway, aside pulling skin hard to get bruises. That’s not how anti-aging massage can be done either. You can also imagine if you needed to join a party that required sleeveless or shoulderless dress/clothes, then those treatments are not good look to show off bruised skin.

Who can’t have it done?

Not everyone is eligible for this treatment. It’s not recommend to those who:

  • Have recent surgery: need to wait till the wound/scar heals at least 6 months
  • Take antiplatelet/anticoagulant medications or have issues with coagulation or platelet activity.
  • Use blood thinning medication
  • Have medical conditions affecting the skin or veins
  • Bleed easily
  • Have deep vein thrombosis
  • Have an infection, tumor, or wound that has not fully healed
  • Have an implant, such as pacemaker, or internal defibrillator.

I know those treatments become cultural treatments for most Khmer people, including me. My recommendations to do it safely are knowing your conditions and contraindications whether you are suitable, try to not using much pressure on skin, just to fully expel the wind, and sterilise your tools before and after using to ensure your skin won’t get infected those. If you can, go to proper standard salon, pick either coining or cupping and obviously not skin pinching. Moreover, it’s always best to practice having massage over all those treatments.

Khmer Myths and Misconceptions

I have grown up with the story myths taught and non-stop misconceptions explained throughout my entire childhood and teenage hood (and even after having kid). I’m sure I’m not the only one because all these things have been passing down from generations to generations. Some make sense and other don’t, but as Khmer kids, we simply got used to it. We seemed to believe in almost everything that was passed down, as science was not widely known or been broadly educated or advanced. Now, all those things become naked to me, and when I look at some of them, I sometimes laugh about how weird they are. Let’s have a look those myths and misconceptions and how it may or may not scientifically be explained.

1. Don’t eat lying down like crocodile: But seriously how do elders know crocodile can sit up and eat?? That’s totally non-sense, isn’t it? It’s scientifically revealed that eating lying down is worse than eating sitting up or standing up – a vertically correct posture. Eating lying down can lead to bad indigestion, slower absorption of carbohydrates and increase the risk of developing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD). Though it was believed to be fashionable in ancients, but it was also pointed out the laziness within the powerful and wealthy people. How comes Khmer elders couldn’t never tell us the truth in direct words/ways?

2. Don’t sleep higher than elders, or Ta Phrum waters (hot) congee water over your head, and you become bald: In Khmer culture, we have a lot of norms around elder people. I believe this is just a lying norm that elders want kids to respect them. Traditionally, sitting higher than elders are considered to be rude or misbehaved. Thus, same goes to sleeping manner.

3. Eating chicken wings will make you fly, (or eating fish tail will make you swim): To my assumption, at that time chicken wings were simply considered just small tips of bony areas, which were not much nutritional. Imagine if we had the whole chicken with family, I wouldn’t happy either to have just only wings – I would expect at least for a drumstick. In that sense, if I’m not wrong, elder people were working hard outside the house or taking a majority of responsibilities in the house, while the kids were staying home learning or helping bits of pieces in the house. Rather than having food fight with kids, elders simply came up this lying to trick them to eat those wings in peacefully calm manner. I still remember in the past, chicken was like a luxury meat for food – expensive and not commonly available. I’m sure that’s because we didn’t have any sort of large scale farms or import yet, but we only had family-size scale, where my family raised them too. People also didn’t have much creative recipe with chicken wings, which are now the best parts for me (like KFC wicked wings 😋, YUM). This misconception or superstition is similar to the one in Korea saying ‘giving your husband wings to eat will make him fly away’. Yeah, the fish tails are considered the same thing to chicken wings.

4. Lightning, thunder and rain are the fighting between Mekhela and Ream Eyso: that sounds like a real epic! As kids, we enjoyed sitting down and listen to what elders told us a story and that was really interesting. Believe me or not? I would still enjoy telling this to my kid about this myths and the truth. This myths tales doesn’t only happen in Cambodia, but in other countries around the world like United Kingdom, and Africa. The fighting in the tale started when Mekhela received a crystal ball from her teacher, while other two – Vorachhun and Ream Eyso – received a magic dagger and a diamond axe. As a revenge out of jealousy of Mekhela, Ream Eyso killed Vorachhun by pushing down from mountain. He intended to kill Mekhela but realised Vorachhun wasn’t dead yet and he fought the two. The lightning occurred when Mekhala’s crystal ball flew into the air while Ream Eyso’s Diamond axe made rumbling noises which became thunder. When they made the sounds and flashes, water began to fall from the heavens and this became known as rain.

5. Reahu swallows the moon (known in Khmer as Reahu Chab Chan): it’s a Hindu myths but also a Khmer myths tale about eclipse. Reahu is spelled in the way Khmer calls it, but you might see it as Rahu in other sources. In the tale, Reahu drank the sacred milk called Amrita, and the sun and the moon reported it to Visnu. As a consequence, he was beheaded; however, to revenge, Reahu kept attacking the sun, while Ketu (Reahu’s body) attacked the moon. Therefore, the result of eclipse in this tale is the the revenge of Reahu to the sun and moon. As a matter of fact, the eclipse occurs as lunar eclipse – when the earth passes directly between the sun and moon and as sun eclipse – when the moon casts two shadow: umbra and penumbra.

6. Don’t eat sour food or fruit after giving birth, or you’ll get bladder leakage when getting older: In the past, elders just didn’t understand how their bodies get weaker and weaker for a number of children they carried, especially their pelvic floor and abdominal muscles, and commonly never had less than 6 children. I could tell this by looking at my great-great-grandparents down to my grandparents line. I believe that’s also because there was no any contraceptions available at that time and the common conceptions of ‘having more kids were more helpful than having one or two’. Almost all the elders I know experience bladder leakage when they get older and all of them told me the same reasons for eating sour food/fruits. Of course, none of them had done any exercise related to pelvic floor (but they didn’t even know what pelvic floor is). In fact, women require nutritional foods and fresh fruits full of vitamins, proteins, healthy fats and carbs after birth. Sour fruits are high in vitamin C, which is a part of compulsory nutrition for body. Doing exercises for pelvic floor and abdominal muscles are great support for preventing bladder leakage when getting older.

Some myths are still interesting to me up to now and some are just too ridiculous to carry on to my next generation. Anyhow, those becomes memories for me to sit down with family and friend and joke about it.

Why are Tampons designed like Sperm Cells shape???

Tampons have been my best friend during my feminine moments in the last 7 years since I stopped using pads. It’s just so convenient, flexible to any movements, breathable and doesn’t get me stressed about the accidentally ashamed leakage. Of course, it’s completely a YES for G-string pair. When I first started using it, I really felt weird about it – everything about it – the look, the comfort, the side effects it may have, and even the way it is applied is looking like I am fingering myself (Excuse me!). Well, that was also when I began to wonder how tampons were designed like a sperm cell shape.

Tampons are designed like sperm cells.

Brief History of Tampons

According to The Embryo Project Encyclopedia, the word ‘Tampon‘ was derived from primitive French word ‘tampion’ – meaning a cloth stopper. In ancient Rome, women made devices similar to tampons from wool, while ancient Indonesian women used vegetable fibers. Women in Africa made such devices from grass, and ancient Japanese women created similar devices from paper. Before it was well-developed like now, it had been developed through different forms with applicators such as glass, wood, wool, cotton, plastic, and cardboard. Now, we have digital tampons which can be inserted with a finger or a digit. In the 18th and 19th centuries, cotton tampons were designed with a string attached and first seen in Europe. Majority of them were used as contraceptive methods, which prevented or reduced the chances of sperm entering a woman’s reproductive tract to fertilise the egg. In early 20th century, tampons were used under prescriptions for non-menstrual vaginal discharge, and tampons were not available outside the hospitals as they were used for treating gynaecological infection or abnormalities in women. Later in 1913, tampons were developed by a male physician – Earl Haas – as feminine hygiene devices for absorbing women’s blood during menstruation by inserting into women’s vagina without touching their sex organs directly – which wouldn’t cause sex pleasure during using it or affect their hymen linking to virginity.

In 1945, digital tampons were advanced without applicator, but with a finger. During World War II, they were not only so popular among female athletes, actors, models, and sex workers, but it was also women in general due to labour positions in factories. Following this, it was upgraded into the shape of bullet with the string attached for easy removal from women’s vagina. During the 1970s, new popular varieties of tampons came in with deodorants and perfumes though there were some concerns about allergic reactions to those tampons. Now in the 21st century, the tampons are usually made of absorbent cotton and rayon, a synthetic diver and designed in various sizes depending on the flow ranging from light/slim/junior, regular to super/super-plus and ultra. Tampon now comes in cylindrical bullet with a string attached at the bottoms and with two disposable applicators – plastic and cardboard.

How to use: To insert a tampon with a plastic or cardboard applicator, the entire applicator barrel is inserted into the vagina until the plunger component is the only part outside of the woman’s body. The woman then applies pressure to the tampon plunger, inserting the tampon in the vaginal canal. Then, she removes the empty applicator. The tampon can remain in the body from four to eight hours, depending on the type. Tampons are disposable and meant for one-time use.

In short, it makes sense to me when tampons were designed by male specialists and previously used as contraceptions to reduce sperms from fertilising eggs. It’s more likely an artificial sperm cell into woman’s vagina. Plus, it’s convenient for physical activities and easy for removal. That’s how tampons end up in bullet or sperm cell shape.

Tampons or Pads???

Hey, ladies!!!

I just wanna share you all about our feminine moments we all experience but don’t normally talk about it. Back in Cambodia in my generation, pads were so popular and until now I believe it still is. I’ve used it for about 20 years before I started using tampons. Now I am a tampon girl and I know how different they are from pads in some ways. Tampons are also available in Phnom Penh market though there are some taboos about it. In this post, I intend to introduce you to tampons and also show you the differences between pads (or known as sanitary napkins) and tampons. Don’t feel offended! You ladies have the choices to decide what you wanna go with, but just don’t be scared to experience what is more convenient or good to you.


Is it convenient? Yes, it is more convenient than tampons as it is externally used. You might not feel the pain at all, except the period pain itself. Now it is designed with or without wings and has its adhesive strip on the back.

Is it affordable? Pads are slightly cheaper than tampons. I believe it’s a great start-off for young starters, especially in period-poverty areas.

Is there any leakage? Yes and No. it’s be fine if you know well how to apply it properly in the right position of absorbance and change it regularly in every 4-6 hours depending on the flow, or choose the right type for the right flow you are having.

Can I do much physical activities? You can almost do all activities, except any activities in water. I’m sure we all don’t wanna soak pads in the water and see the colour change either.

Will I have any side effects using it? Yes, you probably get rashes that may lead to itchiness, swelling and redness as a result of irritation of something the pads are made from and the combination of moisture and heat causing bacteria buildup.

What types of clothes do pads go with? I find it goes with almost every clothes and undies, except G-string or any clothes/undies with more buttocks exposure.

How do I use it correctly and safely? To be safe, you gotta be smart in picking all-cotton pads or washable cloth pads, and change pads regularly and wear loose underwear.


Is it convenient? Nope, not at the first start. You may feel something stuck in your vagina. You may also feel uncomfortable due to incorrect insertion. Once you build up the confidence of how to insert it properly and habit of using it, you will definitely not go back to pads.

Is it affordable? Yes, I’d still say it is. Though they are just slightly expensive, they are cheaper than menstrual cups.

Is there any leakage? Same as pads, you will be okay if you apply it correctly in the right spot of absorbance, pick the right type of your flow and change it regularly in 4-6 hour interval. The good thing is if you put incorrectly, tampons are more manageable than pads so it doesn’t give you a bad leakage and alerts you quicker than pads.

Can I do much physical activities? Yes, absolutely. That’s the best part of using tampons. You can do all activities, including the ones in the water.

Do I lose my virginity using tampons? No, you don’t. They do stretch and sometimes destroy hymen, but they don’t violate girl’s virginity. Virginity simply symbolises to those who have never had sex before, and tampons are NOT related to sexual intercourse.

Will I have any side effects from using it? Yes! Unlike pads, you may be free from rashes, but you could possibly get a rare Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) – certain kinds of bacteria causing organ damage.

What types of clothes do tampons go with? It goes with everything, and perfectly matches with G-string and other types of clothes/undies with more buttocks exposures. Of course, you will experience breathable feeling using tampons and that’s what make me choosing them over pads now.

How do I use it safely? My recommendations to this are: following the instructions listed, washing your hands before and after use, only use them for period time and change in every 4-8 hour interval, using the lowest absorption range so you can change often, and contact healthcare provider if you have any symptoms.

In a summary, both are good, but tampons are simply taking over me and I can’t stop saying it’s good till you try it. You ladies!! It’s your own decision to pick either pads or tampons for whatever reasons suit you. This post simply is my encouragement and high recommendation to ladies who haven’t used before, particularly to Khmer ladies, to use tampons without doubt or fear.

Was Brazilian from Brazil?


No wonder hair removal is not a new topic at all as it started thousands and thousands years ago. In Beauty definition, Brazilian refers to the hair (removal) on the private area. Its first international popularity was waxing and that’s how the name was first known to the world. It’s even more interesting that ‘Brazilian’ waxing was originated from Mahattan, New York – not from Brazil – in 1987. The idea was coming from a Brazilian family called the J sisters (seven sisters) – Janea, Jonice, Jocely, Joyce, Juracy, Jussara and Judseia – the popular names that you wouldn’t call the right person.

The waxing was also started from the change of beach look in Brazil in 70s and 80s, where women loved wearing thong-bottom bikinis. The smaller the bottoms of bikinis were, the bigger areas exposed. That’s when women began to wax almost all public areas to achieve clear and smooth skin, as well as to ensure no public hair poking out.

‘The warm weather called for less clothing’, and ‘the beach culture encouraged the adoption of a sexier style than those in other climes’.

Vanity Fair

History of Hair Removal

It interestingly began when people in the ice age (Stone Age) did not only keep their hairs short to avoid the high risk of frostbite, but they also shaved their faces and heads to prevent their opponents from taking advantage of grabbing onto anything. Obviously, they used stones as tools by sharpening angles and slid down on faces; they even used seashells as tweezers in small areas. Oh, scary and awful!

However, thanks to the ancient Egyptian revolution of hair removal. Since then people could be able to use better forms of razors made of flint or bronze. They also had sugaring – similar to sugar waxing now – by sometimes using bee wax or other forms of a sticky paste. Then a strip of cloth was pressed onto the paste and yanked off, removing the hair.

Source: The Sun

In ancient Egypt, Greece and Middle Eastern countries, having hair removal in almost the whole body, except eyebrows and especially Brazilian area were so importantly popular among women. Ancient Roman women who shaved with pumice stones, razors, tweezers and depilator creams were considered in upper class. Thus, it was believed that the less hair women had, the more sexually attractive they were and higher status they represented.

Through the popularity of Brazilian waxing in Brazil and international well-known spread in New York and up to now, we are able to receive safe hair removal treatments with laser, waxing and other wide ranges of hair removal. Thanks to all those revolutions. We women are also have choices to decide whether to keep Brazilian hair or to have it removed without feeling much pressures like before.

Upgraded Versions and Differences

According to Culture Trip, TV series – Sex in The City has popularised and normalised Brazilian waxing when Carrie Bradshaw gets her first ever Brazilian wax. This has led to versions such as the Hollywood.

I found it’s impressive when some of those upgraded versions are named differently based on the places of popularity it comes from, but all same refer to the hair down on the private area, which determines various styles. Based on Byrdie, those versions are classified into:

  • Brazilian wax: leaves a small strip of hair (in triangle, square, rectangle, or oval-shaped) at the front of the pubic area while removing all surrounding hair, including the anus hair.
  • French bikini wax: is just another word for a Brazilian bikini [wax], but without the buttocks (or anus hair).
  • Bikini wax: is where we wax your panty line and across the top, so if you are wearing a bikini, it prevents any hairs from peeking out.
  • Hollywood wax: is when all of the hair is removed—from the front to the middle and all the way to the anus, leaving you entirely bare.

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វាមិនចម្លែកទេដែលការបករោមមិនមែនជាប្រធានបទថ្មីនោះ ព្រោះវាកើតឡើងតាំងពីរាប់ពាន់រាប់មុឺនឆ្នាំមកម្ល៉េះ។ តាមនិយមន័យផ្នែកសម្រស់ Brazilian គឺសំដៅទៅលើរោមនៅលើផ្នែកឯកជន។ ការពេញនិយមបែបអន្តរជាតិលើកដំបូងនោះគឺ ចាប់ផ្តើមពីការបករោមដោយប្រើក្រមួនស្អិត (waxing) ហើយវាក៏ចាប់ផ្តើមក្លាយជាឈ្មោះដែលពេញនិយមពេញពិភពលោកដែរ។ អ្វីដែលគួរអោយចាប់អារម្មណ៍ជាងនេះគឺ វាមានប្រភពមកពី ម៉ាហាតា ក្នុងទីក្រុងញូយ៉ក សហរដ្ឋអាមេរិច ក្នុងឆ្នាំ 1987 – មិនមែននៅក្នុងប្រទេសប្រេសុីលទេ។ គំនិតនេះគឺផ្តើមចេញមកពីក្រុមគ្រួសារជនជាតិប្រេសុីលមួយដែលគេនិយមស្គាល់ថាជា បងប្អូនស្រីត្រកូល J ហើយឈ្មោះពួកគេគឺ Janea, Jonice, Jocely, Joyce, Juracy, Jussara និង Judseia ឈ្មោះបងប្អូនដ៏ល្បីដែលមនុស្សគ្រប់គ្នាហៅច្រលំ។

ការបករោមនោះចាប់ផ្តើមពេញនិយមពេលដែលមានបម្លាស់ប្តូរនៃរូបរាង និង ការស្លៀកពាក់នៅមាត់សមុទ្រ ដែលស្រីៗនិយមស្លៀលឈុតប៊ីគីនី ដែលវាលចេញគូទដូចស្បែកជើងផ្ទាត់ ក្នុងកំឡុងឆ្នាំ 1970 និង 1980 នៅក្នុងប្រទេសប្រេសុីល។ ឈុតប៊ីគីនីកាន់តែវាល សាច់បញ្ចេញក៏កាន់ខ្លាំង ហើយក៏ជាពេលដែលពួកគេចាប់ផ្តើមនាំគ្នានិយមបករោមតាមបែបប៊ីគីនីសឹងតែគ្រប់កន្លែង ដើម្បីអោយបានសាច់ម៉ដ្កុំអោយឃើញរោមបះចេញមកក្រៅ។

អាកាសធាតុកាន់តែក្តៅ ទាមទារអោយមានការស្លៀកពាក់កាន់តែចំហ ហើយវប្បធម៌តាមបែបមាត់សមុទ្រក៏ជម្រុញអោយមានការផ្លាស់ប្តូរទៅរកស្ទីលសិចសុីជាងកន្លែងដទៃ។

Vanity Fair


តើអ្នកដឹងទេ វាចាប់ផ្តើមតាំងពីជំនាន់មនុស្សនៅសម័យទឹកកករាប់ពាន់មុឺនឆ្នាំមុន? ពួកគេមិនត្រឹមតែកោររោមសម្រាប់ការពារពីការស្អិតរោមជាប់នឹងសាច់ទេ តែក៏ការពារខ្លួនពីសត្រូវដែលចង់យាយីតោងទាមនឹងអ្វីមួយ។ ជំនាន់នោះ ពួកគេគ្មានអ្វីក្រៅពីយកថ្មមកសំលៀងអោយស្រួច ហើយរំកិលចុះនៅលើផ្ទៃមុខ ហើយមិនតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ សម្រាប់កន្លែងតូចៗដូចជា ក្លៀក គេប្រើសំបកលៀសសមុទ្រយកមកធ្វើជាថ្មដករោម (យកមកធ្វើដូចដែកដករោមយើងឥលូវចឹង)។ អូ! ស្តាប់ទៅគួរខ្លាច ហើយ ញញើតទៀត!

តែអរគុណសម្រាប់បដិវត្តន៍នៃដំណករោមរបស់ជនជាតិអេហ្សុីបពីបុរាណ ដែលចាប់តាំងពីពេលនោះ មនុស្សជំនាន់នោះចាប់ផ្តើមប្រើឡាមកោរល្អជាងមុន និង ធ្វើមកពីសម្រិត និង ដុំថ្ម (ប្រភេទដុំថ្មដែលប្រើទុកសំលៀងជាមួយនឹងដែកទុកធ្វើកាំភ្លើង និង អុជបារី)។ ម៉្យាងទៀត ពួកគេក៏មានប្រភេទក្រមួនបករោមដោយប្រើក្រមួនឃ្មុំពេលខ្លះ រឺ ដំណាប់ស្អិតៗផ្សេងទៀតយកមកធ្វើដូចសព្វថ្ងៃអញ្ចឹង គ្រាន់តែពួកគេប្រើក្រណាត់មួយចម្រៀកមកសង្កត់លើក្រមួនហ្នឹង រួចបកយកតែម្តង។

Source: Getty Image

ក្នុងជំនាន់អេហ្សុីប និង ក្រិចបុរាណ រួមទាំងបណ្តាប្រទេសភាគខាងកើតកណ្តាល វាពេញនិយមខ្លាំងណាស់សម្រាប់ស្រីៗជំនាន់នោះដែលគេបករោមសឹងតែទាំងអស់ លើកលែងតែចិញ្ចើម និងជាពិសេសត្រង់តំបន់ឯកជនតែម្តង។ សម្រាប់ស្រីៗជំនាន់រ៉ូមបុរាណ ពួកគេកោររោមដោយប្រើថ្មខាត់ ឡាម ដែកដករោម និង ក្រែមកំចាត់រោមផ្សេងៗទៀត ហើយអ្នកដែលមានរបស់អស់នេះប្រើគឺសុទ្ធតែអ្នកឋានៈខ្ពស់។ ដូច្នេះគេជឿថា ស្រីៗដែលមានរោមកាន់តែតិច កាន់តែទាក់ទាញ ហើយក៏មានឋានៈខ្ពស់ដែរ។

តាមរយៈការឆ្លងកាត់ភាពល្បីល្បាញដោយការបករោមកន្លែងឯកជនជាសម័យកាលរហូតមកដល់ពេលល្បីល្បាញនៅប្រទេសប្រេសុីល និងភាពសុះសាយជាអន្តរជាតិនៅញូវយ៉ករហូតមកដល់ឥលូវ យើងស្រីៗអាចបករោមបានដោយសុវត្ថិភាពតាមរយៈឡាស៊ែរ ក្រមួនបករោម និង វិធីដករោមផ្សេងៗទៀត។ អរគុណដល់បដិវត្តន៍គ្រប់សម័យកាលគ្រប់សម័យកាល។ មិនតែប៉ុណ្ណោះ យើងស្រីៗក៏មានសិទ្ធិជ្រើសរើសក្នុងការដក រឺ មិនដកដោយគ្មានសំពាធខ្លាំងដូចជំនាន់មុនដែរ។

កំណែទម្រង់ថ្មី និង ភាពខុសគ្នា

យោងតាមវេបសាយរបស់ Culture Trip ភាពយន្តតាមទូរទស្សន៍ដូចជារឿង Sex in the city -ជារឿងដែលការបករោមត្រង់តំបន់ឯកជនកំពុងល្បី និង ក្លាយជារឿងធម្មតារបស់ស្រីៗ នៅពេលតួស្រីឈ្មោះ Carrie Bradshaw ទើបតែបលរោមត្រង់កន្លែងហ្នឹងជាលើកដំបូងរបស់នាង។ នេះក៏មូលហេតុដែលនាំអោយមានកំណែឈ្មោះដូចជា Hollywood ជាដើម។

ខ្ញុំយល់ឃើញថាវាគួរអោយចាប់អារម្មណ៍ដែរដែលគេដាក់ឈ្មោះមួយចំនួនទៅតាមកន្លែងដែលគេពេញនិយម តែឈ្មោះទាំងអស់នោះគឺសំដៅតែទៅលើន័យតែមួយទេ – គឺ រោមត្រង់តំបន់ឯកជន គ្រាន់តែវាមានស្តាយផ្សេងៗគ្នា។ ផ្អែកលើវេបសាយរបស់ Byrdie កំណែទម្រង់លើឈ្មោះទាំងអស់នោះ គឺបែងចែកដូចខាងក្រោម៖

  • Brazilian wax: គេទុករោមលើថ្ងាសមួយឆ្នូត អាចជារាងត្រីកោណ ការេ ចតុកោណ រឺ រាងពងក្រពើ តែក្រៅពីនោះគឺគេបករោមទាំងអស់ រួមទាំងរោមរន្ធគូទខាងក្រោយ។
  • French Bikini wax: ដូចគ្នានឹង Brazilian wax ដែរ តែគេមិនបករោមរន្ធគូថខាងក្រោយទេ។
  • Bikini wax: គេបករោមតាមរាងខោស្លុីបយើង នង កាត់ថ្ងាសខាងលើបន្តិច ដើម្បីកុំអោយចេញរោមមកក្រៅពេលស្លៀកប៊ីគីនី។
  • Hollywood wax: គេបករោមទាំងអស់គ្រប់កន្លែង គ្មានទុកសូម្បីតែមួយសសៃ។

Which moisturiser should I use for combination skin?

(Khmer text below)

It took me years to actually find the right moisturisers for my skin. I am in combination skin type, and I’ve tried lots of moisturisers on markets and professional products ranging from different skin types – oily, dry, normal and combination. I’ve consulted professional therapists, and it still doesn’t work at all. What they recommend me is still one-fit-all moisturisers. Until I have entered beauty industry, that’s when I started gaining some knowledge and have some experiments on my skin. Then I realised the way to fix it.

To me, there are 3 main categories of our skin types:

  • Normal skin
  • Dry skin and
  • Oily skin.

Combination skin type is also another skin type but i believe it’s just a combination of dry/normal skin on cheeks and oily skin on T-zone. So, if you find any moisturisers saying it’s for combination skin – just don’t buy or use it. It is simply a commercial products for bigger ranges and to hook your attention and money. Trust me! I’ve tried it and I can say it’s not gonna work.

I realised that the best way to find best moisturiser is to have two different ones – one for oily skin and another for dry/normal skin. I don’t normally apply one moisturiser over all my face because I get shiny over my forehead, nose, upper lip and chin – spots where I get breakouts most of the times. I’ve started applying moisturiser for oily skin over my T-Zone area and moisturiser for normal skin over my cheeks and neck. What I have recently noticed is it’s really working – just well-balanced. I neither get much shiny oil with less breakouts, nor feel any dryness over other spots.

Remember – find the right moisturisers to suit your concerned spots of your areas!

This means if you are buying face moisturisers – don’t just buy one and apply all over your face. Categorise your skin type and concern of your spots (such as cheek, forehead, etc.) of your face and pick the right moisturisers for those spots accordingly. Same method goes to body and other areas too.

ខ្ញុំបានចំណាយពេលរាប់ឆ្នាំដើម្បីរកឡេលាបមុខដែលមានសំណើមអោយត្រូវនឹងស្បែករបស់ខ្ញុំ។ ស្បែកខ្ញុំគឺប្រភេទស្បែកចម្រុះ ហើយខ្ញុំធ្លាប់សាកឡេលាបមុខជាច្រើននៅលើទីផ្សារ និង បែបឯកទេសដែលមានគ្រប់ប្រភេទទៅតាមស្បែកមានជាតិខ្លាញ់ ស្បែកស្ងួត ស្បែកធម្មតា រឺ ស្បែកប្រភេទចម្រុះ។ ខ្ញុំក៏ធ្លាប់ពិគ្រោះយោបល់ជាមួយអ្នកឯកទេសស្បែក តែវានៅតែមិនត្រូវនឹងស្បែកខ្ញុំទៀត។ អ្វីដែលគេណែនាំអោយខ្ញុំគឺនៅតែជាឡេលាបមុខ មួយដែលត្រូវគ្រប់ស្បែក។ រហូតដល់ខ្ញុំបានចូលជាទៅក្នុងផ្នែក Beauty នោះទើបជាពេលដែលខ្ញុំចាប់ផ្តើមយល់ពីស្បែក ហើយសាកល្បងលើខ្លួនឯង បន្ទាប់មកទើបខ្ញុំរកឃើញមធ្យោបាយដោះស្រាយវាបាន។

សម្រាប់ខ្ញុំ ស្បែកយើងមានបីប្រភេទសំខាន់ៗ៖

  • ស្បែកស្ងួត
  • ស្បែកធម្មតា និង
  • ស្បែកមានជាតិខ្លាញ់។

ស្បែកប្រភេទចម្រុះក៏ជាប្រភេទស្បែកមួយដែរ តែខ្ញុំជឿថាស្បែកប្រភេទគឺគ្រាន់តែប្រភេទស្បែកដែលរួមមានប្រភេទស្បែកជាតិខ្លាញ់នៅលើតំបន់ T (ថ្ងាស ច្រមុះ និង ចង្ការ) និង ប្រភេទស្បែកស្ងួត រឺ ស្បែកធម្មតា នៅលើថ្ពាល់។ ដូច្នេះ បើអ្នកប្រទះឃើញឡេលាបមុខណាដែលសរសេរថា ’សម្រាប់ស្បែកប្រភេទចម្រុះ’ – កុំទិញ រឺ ប្រើវាអី! វាគ្រាន់តែជាផលិតផលពាណិជ្ជកម្មសម្រាប់ពង្រីករង្វង់ផលិតផល និង ទាក់យកចិត្តនិងលុយទេ។ ជឿខ្ញុំទៅ! ខ្ញុំធ្លាប់សាកហើយ ខ្ញុំហ៊ាននិយាយថាវាប្រើមិនកើតទេ!

ឥលូវខ្ញុំដឹងថាគួររើសឡេបែបណាអោយត្រូវនឹងស្បែកមុខហ្នឹង – ចម្លើយគឺត្រូវមានឡេលាបមុខពីរមួយសម្រាប់ស្បែកមុខមានជាតិខ្លាញ់ និងមួយទៀតសម្រាប់ស្បែកមុខស្ងួតរឺធម្មតា។ តាមធម្មតា ខ្ញុំមិនដែលយកឡេលាបមុខមួយមកលាបពេញមុខទេ ព្រោះថ្ងាស ច្រមុះ និង ចង្ការខ្ញុំឧស្សាហ៍ចេញខ្លាញ់ឡើងរលោងអស់ហើយ ហើយកន្លែងហ្នឹងក៏ចេញមុនញឹកញាប់ណាស់ដែរ។ ខ្ញុំចាប់ផ្តើមយកឡេសម្រាប់ស្បែកមានជាតិខ្លាញ់មកលាបនៅត្រង់ថ្ងាស ច្រមុះ និង ចង្កា ហើយយកឡេសម្រាប់ស្បែកធម្មតាមកលាបនូវនឹងថ្ពាល់និងក។ កន្លែងដែលខ្ញុំចាប់ផ្តើមលាបមួយរយៈមក ឃើញថាវាត្រូវនឹងស្បែកខ្ញុំ ហើយការកើតមុន និង ភាពរលោងនោះក៏កាត់បន្ថយ តែក៏មិនមានអារម្មណ៍ថាស្ងួតដែរ – គឺថាមានតុល្យភាពល្អតែម្តង។

ត្រូវចាំថា ’រកផលិតផលណាដែលលាបត្រូវនឹងចំនុចដែលអ្នកមានបញ្ហា ទោះវាស្ថិតនៅក្នុងកន្លែងតែមួយដូចគ្នាក៏ដោយ’។

ការនិយាយបែបនេះគឺមានន័យថា បើអ្នកឡេលាបមុខ កុំទិញតែមួយហើយយកមកលាបពេញមុខនោះ។ ត្រូវដឹងថាស្បែកខ្លួនឯងនៅក្នុងប្រភេទណាហើយវាកើតអីនៅកន្លែងណាខ្លះ (ដូចជា ថ្ពាល់ រឺ ថ្ងាសជាដើម) ហើយរើសយកឡេណាដែលត្រូវនឹងផ្នែកៗនៃមុខយើង។ ខ្លួនប្រាណ និង កន្លែងដទៃទៀតក៏ធ្វើដូចគ្នាចឹងដែរ។

Cocktail Serums

I love cocktails – both wine and serums. When I say cocktails, you definitely think of a combination and you’re right. Cocktail serums are simply combination of any serums. It’s hard to pick one serum to fit all concerns for the skin, and time consuming for easy application. I personally use more than 3 serums in my daily routine. How does that work? The simple answer is making cocktail for the skin.

If you know your skin type and concern, you can mix to maximise the result. You should have some ideas about ingredients that are good for skin and go together with other serums. Vitamin C and Retinol are unstable ingredients and it’s good to combine with each other or other ingredients. However, Vitamin C and copper don’t get along together but simply neutralise the actions of both serum, and you won’t see any result. Please note that Retinol can be best used for night time and great for anti-ageing and breakouts while Vitamin C is great for dry/normal skin as antioxidant at day time. To know whether it’s safe to have cocktail serums on your skin, it’s better to consult skin therapist or dermatologist for your skin type and concerns.

My skin is an oily skin type and I usually have hormonal breakouts (just a few every time on my periods). Most of my product range are all Skinstiut. I am using a Skinstitut gentle cleanser to both cleanse my makeup and gently cleanse my skin. Glycolic Acid is my favorite, and it’s really working deeply in cleansing and exfoliating my oily skin. It’s also the great ingredient to bring underlying congestion and pigments to the skin surface. I always start my day with facial spray that contains Vitamin B3 – Skinstitut Multi-Active mist – which helps control the oil production in my skin and calm the inflammatory effect over my inflamed breakouts or just to refresh my face. Then followed by serum – Even Blend serum and Vitamin C powder at day time and Retinol and Even Blend serums at night time. After every skin treatments, I always apply Skinstitut Rejuvenate 15 serum which is best at healing skin and anti-aging effect, then finish off my routine with moisturiser and sunscreen.

Therefore, make sure you pick the right serums to suit your concern and match with your skin types. Let’s make your own cocktails!